Klebsiella pneumoniae belongs to the enterobacteria family and is found in humans in both the upper respiratory tract and the digestive tract. The bacteria can be found in the soil, in water and on plants. Many strains have developed multidrug resistance to different antibiotics. Newborns and patients in intensive care units in particular are at risk of infection.
Klebsiella pneumoniae is mainly transmitted through direct or indirect contact with contaminated persons or objects.
The bacterium is one of the most common pathogens for bacterial sepsis, but pneumonia and infections of the urinary tract or soft tissues are also possible.
Klebsiella pneumoniae cause about 5 percent of nosocomial infections in Europe. The bacteria are the cause of postoperative wound and blood flow infections in patients in hospitals. Their comparatively high resistance to antibiotics and high reproduction rate make Klebsiella pneumoniae a problematic pathogen.
2 hours to 30 months
The necessary spectrum of activity against Klebsiella pneumoniae is: bactericidal