Enterobacter cloacae is a bacterium of the genus Enterobacter and a natural component of the human intestinal flora. However, the bacterium can be found in many more habitats: Researchers have detected Enterobacter cloacae not only in faecal samples of humans and animals, but they have also found the bacterium in plants, water, insects, and food. Humans are only endangered by the Enterobacter cloacae if their immune systems are weakened, for example as a result of serious previous illnesses or surgical intervention.
Immunocompromised Patients are at risk if they come into direct or indirect contact with contaminated persons or objects. The pathogens can also be transmitted via contaminated infusion solutions or blood products.
Enterobacter cloacae is able to cause various clinical pictures, including blood poisoning, as well as inflammation of the skin, tissues, respiratory tract, and organs. However, infection of the urinary tract, eyes and endocarditis are also possible.
Enterobacter in general, including Enterobacter cloacae, has only recently been perceived as a pathogen related to nosocomial infections (hospital infections). The bacterium can cause pneumonia, septicaemia, urinary tract and wound infections and, in newborns, meningitis.
The necessary spectrum of activity against enterobacteria is: bactericidal